From the lavish interior decoration which characterized the living areas of ancient sultans to the contemporary homes of the 21st century, Turkish rugs have always been appreciated as works of art and prized possessions. Turkey has a rich history in rug craftsmanship, and the predominant regions throughout the country have their own recognizable styles which are stamps of their rich heritage, artisan workmanship and uniqueness. Selecting a Turkish rug is like selecting a great piece of art, and if you spend your money on a valuable piece – you should treat it with the greatest respect. We all loved the stories about people flying on magical carpets when we were children. Well, maybe the Turkish rug won’t transport you between the magnificent houses of ancient Turkey, but it will certainly possess magic that will hypnotize you.
Although it is difficult to make an assessment of the exact time when rugs were first created, the historians believe that this type of art started its development in Central Asia, where people made carpets in order to use them as covers which would keep them warm during the harsh winter nights. These carpets were made by hand out of cotton or wool (sometimes even silk), and later people realized that their beauty was special enough to be displayed on the doorways, walls and floors. Interestingly enough, long ago carpet owners were already using rug pads for various reasons. Back then, rubber or foam rug pads didn’t exist so thick rug pads made from animal hair were used. Even back then, they would offer some combination of sliding protection and insulation from the floor, but they were not nearly as sophisticated as today’s industrially made robust, thick rug pads. The oldest rug known today is the Pazyryk Rug, which is estimated to be of Turkish origin, although it was discovered by a Russian archeologist in a Siberian tomb. There isn’t a doubt that Turkish carpets have a very rich history, and they have managed to maintain their status among the most desirable household items in the entire world.
You would have to devote your life to Turkish rugs in order to be able to learn how to recognize their classification, the period and the region their design comes from. However, we will provide you with the basics in this article. Undeniably, the most interesting form of a Turkish carpet is the magic carpet which is present all over the Turkish folklore. There are carpets made by unnamed artisans that possess a unique mystery, and the regions where they are made are definitely worth visiting. Magic aside, the most recognized and unique carpets come from Konya, Hereke, Milas, Usnak and Bergam. Besides the region where they are made, the Turkish carpets fall under other classifications depending on their material, the motifs and the weaving method.
Turkish rugs are known as very durable household items, but if your piece is antique you have to pay extra attention in preserving it. I would never equip my Turkish rugs with anything other than high quality thick rug pads, preferably made out of flat rubber. Low quality rug pads are known to damage or stain carpets and this would certainly be a disaster with fine Turkish rugs. You can use a traditional hand broom in order to brush the rug on both sides carefully and regularly; but you can also use your vacuum cleaner with a nozzle attachment on a monthly basis. Don’t use the vacuum cleaner without that attachment and more frequently, because your rug will be destroyed quickly. Machine washing or drying isn’t recommended for Turkish carpets, which should be maintained with gentle hand cleaning and drying on an undisturbed, flat surface. Your Turkish rug can stay beautiful for many years only if you provide the proper care it deserves.